Businesses need to call on the expertise of their HR departments and works councils if they are going to master the Industrie 4.0 transformation process. In order to draw up personnel development plans, HR departments must be aware of the future qualification and job requirements, while works councils can help shape the digital transformation by facilitating at the interface between a business’s requirements and the interests of its employees. In everyday practice, however, it is not always possible to achieve optimal integration of a company’s HR department and works council – for a variety of reasons. As these parties have little to contribute to the technology-focused discussions that dominate Industrie 4.0 projects, they are not always adequately involved in them. As a result, neither HR departments nor works councils have much knowledge of the specific steps in the digital transformation that are being planned and implemented. What is more, they generally have trouble assessing the consequences of the transformation for employees, working conditions and employee qualifications.